A reef off the coast of Bali, Indonesia.Photo by CORAL staff


Unregulated fishing and other activities threaten coral reefs in Indonesia. CORAL is engaged in a multi-partner effort to build broad support at the community and government levels for co-managing an 89,000-hectare network of LMMAs (“Locally Managed Marine Areas,” similar to marine protected areas) in the Sunda-Banda Seascape that will protect coral reefs. We are now investigating conservation needs and opportunities in a traditional fishing community called Lamalera in Lesser Sunda, and exploring ways to help that community protect their marine resources.

We are also helping develop a financing mechanism to generate economic incentives for at least two major coral reef destination regencies in Bali—Karangasem and Buleleng—by replicating the successful voluntary donation dive tag program at Amed, where we have worked for several years. If successful, Bali will be a leader in supporting ecosystem-based management with regency-level entrance fees and incentives that promote large scale conservation. It could also be a model for other communities about how to integrate resource management with the necessary incentive and finance structures. 

CORAL is also building awareness about the problem of overharvesting sharks in Indonesia through a multi-faceted outreach campaign. CORAL and partners were able to help convince the Regency Government of Raja Ampat to sign a shark and manta ray sanctuary into law in 2013. The law protects sharks and rays in 46,000 square kilometers (18,000 square miles) of ocean off the coast of Raja Ampat.

Read more about our work in Indonesia »

Other threats

Irresponsible marine recreation practices like anchoring on reefs and destructive local fishing with cyanide and dynamite pose direct threats to the reefs of Indonesia. Growing pressures on the Indonesian government to provide for the economic needs of its people make it hard to resist revenues offered by the commercial exploitation of natural resources. CORAL partners with local community members, government leaders, and marine recreation providers to develop economic alternatives through sustainable tourism and ongoing education.

Read more about threats and progress in Indonesia »

Our partners in Indonesia

Through its work with partners like Conservation International, the Head of the Regency Government (Bupati), and the Misool Eco Resort, CORAL has facilitated a new vision for the coral reefs of Indonesia. By fostering collaboration between local community members, government leaders, and marine recreation operators, CORAL is taking a proactive stance toward protection for this rich and valuable ecosystem.

Meet our partners in Indonesia »