Recycled Water For Reefs

A Guide for West Maui’s Resort and Condominium Properties

About the Publication

This resource guide was developed by the Coral Reef Alliance (CORAL), to assist West Maui’s resort and condominium properties in transitioning to recycled water for irrigation. This is the second edition of this resource guide.

Resources to Explore

Hawai’i Coral Reef Strategy
West Maui Ridge to Reef Initiative

Rules and Regulations, Key Guidelines

Maui County Code, Chapter 20.30 – USE OF RECLAIMED WATER
Rules for Relaimed Water Service, County of Maui
State of Hawai’i Guidelines for the Treatment and Use of Recycled Water (2002)
Hawai’i Administrative Rules – Chapter 11-62


Board of Water Supply, City and County of Honolulu
County of Maui, Department of Environmental Management
County of Maui Water Conservation website
Department of Health­-What You Can Do to Prevent Polluted Runoff
State of Hawai’i, Department of Health Clean Water Branch
State of Hawai’i Department of Health Wastewater Branch
State of Hawai’i Department of Health Wastewater Branch—Forms
West Maui Recycled Water Verification Study

Hawai’i Green Business Program

Hawai’i Green Business program 
— Checklist For Hotels and Resorts
— Awardees
Hawai’i Energy: Hotels

Landscaping and Plants

County of Maui’s Landscape and Gardening Handbook-Water Conservation in the Landscape
Hawai‘i Backyard Conservation
The Landscape Industry Association of Hawai’i’s list of invasive plants and industry guidelines
Managing Salinity of Recycled Water for Landscape Irrigation: The Link Between Plants, Soils, Salts, and Recycled Water
Maui Association of Landscape Professionals
Native Plants Hawai’i (University of Hawai’i)
Plant Pono

Scientific and Technical Resources

US EPA Region 9: Link to groundwater tracer study
EPA Nutrient Pollution website
2013 Update of the Hawaii Water Reuse Survey and Report, Limtiaco Consulting Group

Other Local Conservation Efforts

Kā‘anapali Makai Watch Facebook Page
West Maui Kumuwai Campaign


Wastewater Reuse for Golf Course Irrigation 
Lewis Publishers USGA ISBN#1-56670-090-6


CORAL would especially like to thank Steve Parabicoli and Scott Rollins, both with the County of Maui, for all their assistance and technical expertise, not only in the development of this resource, but throughout all of CORAL’s work on this project.

This project would not have been possible without the support of Lance Gilliland of the Honua Kai Condominium Association, Inc., and CORAL extends our gratitude and appreciation. Stephen Crowell of SGS Hawai‘i also deserves special recognition for the technical consultation he and his team provided based on their experience with recycled water in managing the Honua Kai’s irrigation and landscaping.

CORAL would also like to acknowledge all the support and guidance we received from the West Maui Ridge to Reef Initiative during the course of this project, particularly from Coordinator Tova Callender and the members of the R2R working group.

The West Maui Resort and Water Use Survey was developed and its outcomes analyzed and presented by Robin Knox, Water Quality Consulting, Inc. Survey administration support was provided by Liz Bogdanski. CORAL would like to extend its appreciation to the property managers who participated in the survey and graciously provided us with the time and attention it required. We also appreciate the support of Wayne Hedani of the Kā‘anapali Operations Association for his assistance in communicating this effort to the resorts.

Funding support was provided by the Harold K. L. Castle Foundation and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

Close flyout widget area

Help save the world’s coral reefs